Welcome to Flintshire
The county of Flintshire is situated in North East Wales. Cheshire lies to
the east, Denbighshire to the West and Wrexham to the south. Flint and Mold
are the main town areas.
It is an area rich in history and well worth visiting in its own right.
However, the numerous attractions of North Wales in general coupled with
Roman Chester make this an idea tourist base.
In addition, Flintshire has just become a gateway to Ireland with POSL
planning to operate out of Mostyn docks.
Wales Coastal Path
© Crown copyright (2013) Visit Wales
History and Culture
Flintshire itself has long and distinctive heritage. It boasts numerous
historic landmarks including industrial and religious sites. It was
established in 1284, some seven years after King Edward 1 ordered work to
begin on Flint Castle on a site of fierce battles between the Celts and
Romans, British and Saxons, Welsh and Normans, which overlooked the Dee
Flint market can be dated back to a 'Charter' granted, on 4th February 1278,
one year after King Edward I had defeated Llewelyn in the wars between the
English and the Welsh. It narrowly missed having a Norman-French name. The
Great County Court was held in Flint four times a year during the reign of
King Edward I. In September 1284, Edward I granted the First Charter to
Flint and created the town a Free Borough and the Constable of the Castle,
Reginald de Grey the first Mayor of the new Borough
At Rhuddlan in 1284, Edward I issued the Statute of Rhuddlan which divided
North and West Wales into counties including the County of Flint. On 7
December 1327, Edward III granted a Second Charter to the Burgesses. This
was actually ratification and extension of the First Charter granted by his
grandfather Edward I.
Mold Town Hall
© Crown copyright (2013) Visit Wales
Edward the Black Prince by virtue of his powers as Earl of Chester granted
the Third Charter, on 20 September 1361. The Fourth Charter was bestowed on
Richard II on 29 November 1395. Philip and Mary on 5 November 1555 and the
Sixth Charter by William granted the Fifth Charter on 19 December 1700.
Edward I built a castle at Flint to pacify his new subjects and the English
settlers, who came there to live, brought special rights including the
privilege of holding a weekly market. Parliamentarian forces destroyed the
castle, in 1646 during the civil war, but the ruins are still worth
The well of St. Winefride’s has been visited by pilgrims since the 7th
Century to be cured by the holy water and building its reputation as the
‘Lourdes of Wales’. The town of Holywell (Holy Well) gets its name from this
well, and nearby the ruins of Basingwerk Abbey can be found. An important
Welsh gateway since Roman times the area has a rich industrial and religious
heritage. In the eighteenth century, the abundant water resources in the
Greenfield Valley, combined with the exploitation of local mineral resources
gave the area an unrivalled status as a milling and mining centre.
Local Iron Age hill forts of Caer Estyn, Moel Arthur, and Penycloddiau are
Hawarden is rich in history. It contains two castles; one built again by
King Edward 1, the other the home of William Gladstone, four times British
Prime Minister. Another town, Caerwys, claims to be one of the smallest
towns in Britain with a Royal Charter. Other notable attractions in
Flintshire worth visiting are Ewloe Castle, Bailey Hill in Mold, Point of
Ayr lighthouse Leeswood Hall’s ‘White Gates’.
Of particular interest is
St Deiniol's Library,
which is situated in Hawarden and is recognised as being Britain's finest
residential library. William Ewart Gladstone founded it and after his death
in 1898 it became the nation's tribute to his life and work.
Mold (‘Yr Wyddgrug’) is a bustling market town and the centre of various
activities designed to preserve a lifestyle that goes back centuries. Daniel
Owen (1836-1895), a most prominent novelist in the Welsh Language, was
native to Mold. The town is an ideal centre for short-stay holidays offering
visitors touring, mountain walks in the Clwydian Range and a variety of
entertainment. The town boasts open-air street markets on Wednesdays and
Saturdays. Mold is famous for its contribution to Welsh culture and this
continues today Theatr Clwyd a provincial theatre with a national
reputation. The Theatre also hosts the Mold Carnival in June.
Loggerheads, three miles away is an area of outstanding natural beauty.
Since its development by Clwyd County Council as a combined Country Park and
Visitor Centre it has become a major tourist attraction. Nearby, Moel Fammau,
the highest peak in the Clwydian Range (1,820 feet) gives stunning views of
six counties from the viewing point on the summit. The wooden paths of the
Leete, between Loggerheads and Rhydymwyn, provided inspiration for the
The Markets of Flintshire
The Romans established most of the markets in Flintshire and many towns grew
around such market places. As time passed ‘Market Charters and Rights’ were
granted to certain towns helping them grow and become established. Examples
are Connah's Quay, Flint, Holywell and Mold.
Markets were originally run by ‘Lords of the Manors’. Private companies took
on this role and employed a Market Superintendent - who was affectionately
nicknamed the 'Toby'! This tradition remains today.
The market days are as follows:
Connah’s Quay: Thursday.
Holywell: Thursdays and Saturdays.
Mold: Wednesdays and Saturdays. This market is held in high esteem by both
traders and shoppers alike and is one of the busiest in the Country.